Theatre

Theatre

Theatre

Berlin is the German city with the richest theatre tradition. It extends from the performance of "Gotz" in 1774 through Lessings "Nathan the Wise" to Gerhart Hauptmann, whose reputation was established in Berlin. Berlin's theatrical flowering occurred in the "Golden Twenties", when over 70 stages and such great personalities as Max Reinhardt and Erwin Piscator competed for favour.

The partition of Berlin after 1945 caused the artistic potency to be dispersed; a real competition between the renowned East Berlin stages (at the peak the "Deutsches Theatre' and the Berliner Ensemble") and the repertory diversity of the ca. 20 theatres in West Berlin has not been able to take place to the present day.

Berlin's state theatres are the Deutsche Oper Berlin' under the artistic direction of Professor Siegfried Palm and the State Playhouses of Berlin" (Schiller Theatre, Schiller Theatre Studio and the Schlosspark Theatre) under the artistic direction of Hans Lietzau. Private theatres with dissimilar organizational forms and of divergent quality compete with them for the favour of the public and the assent of the dreaded Berlin critics.

Within a short time the "Schaubcihne am Hallischen Ufer' - the most remarkable example of a theatre with collective management - has attracted great attention by its outstanding artistic achievements. The 'Theatre des Westens" presents mostly operettas and musicals. The "Freje Volksbuhne" has without a doubt the most beautiful house. Good, sometimes excellent, light comedies are presented at the "Komodie", the "Theatre am KurfDrstendamm" and the "Renaissance Theatre". The "Hebbel Theatre" and the Hansa Theatre" have specialized in popular theatre (often with a touch of comedy). The "Tribune", the "Reichskabarett", the 'VagantenbQhne" and the "Kleines Theatre am Sudwestkorso are developing their own style. Two outstanding children's theatres make Berlin unquestionably leading in this field: the 'GRIPS Theatre fur Kinder" and the "Berliner Kammerspiele".

Not established, but all the more politically committed, are the various forms of street, chamber and pub theatres. Cabaret (e. g. the "Stachelschweine" - porcupines - and the "Wahimause" - voles) and at present six puppet stages are also part of the theatrical domain.

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